3.2.2 Ensure that personnel are trained to carry out their assigned information security-related duties and responsibilities.

Organizations determine the content and frequency of security training based on the assigned duties, roles, and responsibilities of individuals and the security requirements of organizations and the systems to which personnel have authorized access. In addition, organizations provide system developers, enterprise architects, security architects, acquisition/procurement officials, software developers, system developers, systems integrators, system/network administrators, personnel conducting configuration management and auditing activities, personnel performing independent verification and validation, security assessors, and other personnel having access to system-level software, security-related technical training specifically tailored for their assigned duties.

Comprehensive role-based training addresses management, operational, and technical roles and responsibilities covering physical, personnel, and technical controls. Such training can include policies, procedures, tools, and artifacts for the security roles defined. Organizations also provide the training necessary for individuals to carry out their responsibilities related to operations and supply chain security within the context of organizational information security programs.

[SP 800-181] provides guidance on role-based information security training in the workplace. [SP 800-161] provides guidance on supply chain risk management.

Actionable Items: Always make a clear distinction between various roles in your company regarding anything related to CUI access. Training guidelines should address each role and who should be getting this training. Training of all employees is essential. It is also essential to offer training and documentation of required procedures and protocols to outside contractors. Document your training and include in any employee or contractor manuals/handbooks. Updates should be maintained. periodic refresher training should be included as well.